Contribuţii la cunoaşterea unor medalii de secol XVIII-XIX / New Contributions to the Knowledge of Some 18th – 19th Centuries Medals
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||The paper presents new variants of some 18th – 19th century known pieces: a medal for the lights on the
Danube against the Turks - October. 22-24. 1771 and coin-medals issued for Constantin Hangerli and Tsar Paul I, bearing the Wallachian eagle on the reverse.
The first medal was struck in the mint of Sadagura, founded by Baron Peter Nicolas of Gartenberg. It was struck by Friedrich Constandius, engraver and director of the mint. It is a variant of the already known medal (made of bronze, very rare), a proof of gill-silver or a medal with a failed representation considered a reject as the representation and the legend on the reverse are too slightly printed. The struck not strongly enough made a straight edge quite impossible.
Medals issued by Paul I and Constantin Hangerli
According to a writing of Timoni, the former Austrian consul (1848), those medals were considered modern forgeries, made by two German engravers in the first hall of the 19th century. Taking into consideration some observation, the diameter and weight of the same Russian coins issued by Paul I and Alexander I between 1797 – 1810, one may think of them as being coin medals, specific for the Russian mint in the 18th – 19th centuries, the so called Novodel type. This type has resulted from the sticking of some official monetary types with original dies - as a special command for collectors.
In this category it might also be included coins considerate proofs or medals that were struck with the obverse die of some coins. They used to bear on the reverse different dies that were specific for some medals, also including certain elements that belonged to coins in circulation at that time.
Specific for that period are also the medals for which dies of orders and decorations have been used for observe. I.e. the medal struck in 1810 by Tsar Alexander I for the officials of the boundary regions of the Russian Empire and the popular medal with hook struck for the coronations of Nicolas I and Nicolas II.
An analysis of the diameter and weight of these pieces as well as of the coins struck in that period let as think that the coin-medals with the name of Paul I and Constantin Hangerli could have been struck in 1807 – 1810, using the dies for one denga and one kopek coins.
In 1807 Alexander Hangerli had a sort reign of only several months. He was Constantin Hangerli's relative.
Alexander Hangerli was paled by the Turks to reign in Wallachia. He ended up taking the side of the Russians. He established himself in Poland and was naturalized German towards the end of his life.
It is possible that Alexander Hangerli had ordered this medal to commemorate Constantin Hangerli, killed by the Turks in 1799. The medal was struck in 1807 or 1810 in an official Russian mint that was acquainted with Novodel type.
Hypothetical, one may observe rapprochement between Paul I and Constantin Hangerli. That could have been another reason for the Turks to get rid of Constantin Hangerli in such a violent way.
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